No compensation for flight delay, cancellation and overbooking
Flight disruption in the form of delays, cancellations, denied boarding or missed connecting flights often means that, under EU regulation, passengers are able to claim a compensation of €250 – €600. For these claims to be valid against the airline, the airline itself must be responsible for the disruption – if they did everything possible to keep to the scheduled flight plan, and the delay was caused by extraordinary circumstances, they have no obligation towards the affected passengers.
Under the EU Air Passenger Rights Regulation 261/2004, a passenger is not entitled to compensation if:
- You arrive at your destination less than 3 hours from the scheduled arrival time
- You have been notified of flight cancellations more than 14 days in advance
- You did not check in on time. Unless notified otherwise, passengers should check in at least 45 minutes before departure (unless their flight has been cancelled)
- Your flight was operated more than 6 years ago
- You were flying on a free or at a reduced fare that is not available to the public either directly or indirectly
- The flight in question was affected by extraordinary circumstances
- The passenger was travelling on a free child fare
In terms of flight disruptions, what are extraordinary circumstances?
Extraordinary circumstances are factors that affect a flight schedule which are out of the airline’s control, and this negates the airline’s responsibility to pay compensation to their passengers. Please see a list below of some of the most common extraordinary circumstances:
- The airport or airspace is closed
- Political instability/security risks that cannot be avoided
- Bird strike
- Bad weather such as fog, hail, storms and heavy snow
There are some exceptions surrounding these circumstances which may mean the airline does have to compensate affected passengers. For example, if an airline hasn’t taken precautionary measures to acquire the necessary de-icing supplies to make it safe to fly, they may be required to pay compensation to their passengers. Unfortunately, this might be difficult to prove if you are not a legal aviation expert. On the other hand, you can give us the right to take up your case. We will conduct a precise assessment, access specialised flight databases containing hundreds of thousands of flight movements and weather data and submit watertight evidence to the court proving that the airline is responsible for the delay.
Find below a list of circumstances for which you will get a compensation (or not).
Extraordinary circumstances: no entitlement to compensation
- General strikes
- Pilot strikes
- Air traffic control strikes
- Flight cancellation caused by strikes
- Extreme weather conditions
- Air traffic disruption due to a natural disaster (e. g. ash cloud)
- Emergency landings caused by storms
- Lightning impact on a previous flight
- Turbine damage caused by bird strikes
- Radar failure
- Opening of a slide by a passenger
- Delayed landing clearance
- Closed airspace
Circumstances in which passengers have the right to compensation
- Technical problems
- No de-icing fluid during the winter season
- Lack of personnel (absence of crew or pilot)
- Late arrival for a connecting flight because of the airline
- Crew sickness
- Mobile boarding stairs colliding with aircraft
What are the conditions for compensation?
Air passengers are entitled to compensation if their flight is cancelled or arrives 3 or more hours late at its destination, if the flight was cancelled or they missed their flight connection, provided they have a valid ticket. The airport of departure must be with the European Union, or the airport of arrival must be within the EU and the operating airline be headquartered in the EU. Airlines are also legally required to pay compensation to passengers who suffer denied boarding due to overbooking.
The European Regulation on Air Passenger Rights applies to those travelling on business trips, those who booked a flight with a low-cost airline and those travelling on a package tour. Children may also qualify for compensation, provided they had a seat. People travelling with a free or discounted ticket obtained through a frequent flyer programme or promotional give-away also qualify.
However, there are situations in the airlines may deny the boarding against the passengers’ will and they are not eligible for compensation:
- If they do not have a valid ticket
- If they do not have the necessary identification or papers
- If they are intoxicated
- If they have a contagious disease
- If they are deemed to be a safety hazard
How much compensation for delayed, cancelled, denied missed connection or denied boarding flights?
You are entitled to compensation provided the flight disruption was not caused by an extraordinary circumstance and if the denied boarding was not attributable to you. The European Regulation deems passengers are due compensation, the amount of which varies according to the distance of the flight:
- If the flight distance is up to 1500 km: €250 compensation for flight delay, cancellation or overbooking.
- If the flight distance is between 1500 km and 3500 km or more than 1500 km for intra-Community flights: €400 compensation for delayed, cancelled overbooked flights or missed connection flights.
- If the flight distance is more than 3500 km: €600 of compensation for flight cancellation, delay overbooking or missed flight connection.
How can I claim compensation?
The European Regulation on air passenger rights has already been interpreted in several ways. Somewhat confused legal terms and unclear concepts such as “arrival time” or “extraordinary circumstances” make it difficult to understand and interpret, and may undermine a compensatory claim.
When you wish to make a claim, it is useful to know similar cases to your own. This increases your chances of success with the airline, in particular because the case law has evolved since Regulation 261/2004 came into force. Thanks to our experience in the field of European air passenger rights, our experts take charge of your case and take the necessary steps to defend your rights effectively. In order to save you time, we offer you the opportunity to quickly estimate your chances of getting compensation using our free claim calculator.
Additional benefits at the airport
Regardless of whether or not the airline itself is responsible for the delayed departure or flight cancellation – it must provide you with additional services. So if a flight is delayed or cancelled, you have the right to certain services free of charge. The availability of these is dependent on the distance of the flight you had booked. Here is a breakdown of what becomes available and when:
- Short flight distances (up to 1500km): departure delayed over 2 hours – complimentary drinks and food, and 2 telephone calls, emails or faxes
- Medium flight distances (between 1500 and 3500km): departure delayed over 3 hours – complimentary drinks and food, and 2 telephone calls, emails or faxes
- Long flight distances (More than 3500km): departure delayed over 4 hours – complimentary drinks and food, and 2 telephone calls, emails or faxes
Further services and benefits become available if your flight is delayed over 5 hours, or if your flight is postponed to the following day, details of which can be found under the EU regulation.
How to protect my rights on a future flight?
You have planned a flight trip in the future and want to be sure you won’t miss any compensation payments in advance? No problem. You can enter your flights in advance in our compensation calculator and we will inform you if you are entitled to compensation.
Checklist: When are you not entitled to compensation?
- There are extraordinary circumstances at play, e.g. strike, bad weather, bird strike or airspace closures.
- Your delayed flight lands less than 3 hours late at the final destination
- You did not check in on time
- Your flight was operated more than 6 years ago
- The flight took place outside the EU
- You were flying on a free or reduced fare that is not available to the public either directly or indirectly